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| Muhammad Iqbal
Alamma Muhammad Iqbal was nationalist poet who gave India, her first patriotic song ‘Sare Jahan se achcha Hindustan hamara’. This song was on the lips of every Indian during struggle for our freedom.
He was born in 1877. During his childhood, he saw the freedom struggle of Indians with British empire. He grew an emotional patriot and started writing poems. Through his songs Iqbal combined politics with society.
Iqbal’s patriotic poems were a glance of India’s poverty and dependence on an alien country. In his poem ‘Himalya’, he wrote the wondrous beauty of this rich ancient country. He also wrote poems like ‘Mera Vatan Wahi Hai, Mera Vatan Wahi Hai’ to show India’s unity in diverse religion.
Iqbal had also written poems on Gandhiji’s greatness, Jalianwala Bagh and Chaura-Chauri events. He had written ‘Javednama’ in which he wrote about great Indians who have benefited the common people. His writings were such an inspiration that both Gandhi and Nehru praised it. Seeing his brilliance, Gandhiji asked Iqbal to accept the Vice-Chancellorship of Jamia-Milia Islamia University.
In his legendary discourses of God, Iqbal had thrown light on the relationship between man and God. He sang in faith of the will power for the human psyche. His most famous line continues to inspire mankind.
“Khudi Ko Kar Buland Itna, Ki Har Taqdeer Sey Pehley, Khuda Bandey Se Khud Poochey, Bata, Teri Raza Kya Hai.”